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7 Elements Of A Safety Program

The importance of a safety program in construction cannot be overstated. Putting one together for your contracting company isn’t difficult if you know what to include. OSHA provides guidance for putting together a safety program, and we’ve summarized it in this short guide. If putting one together from scratch is too much work, ACO also provides customized safety programs for contractors.

1. Leadership

Safety and health should be a core company value for any contractor. Company leaders must buy in to the importance of safety and health for them and their workers. Injuries and illnesses cost companies money, as well as production time. If safety and health is not a top priority, companies can lose workers, projects, money, and more.

Company leaders can show their support for safety and health by working with employees at all levels to establish goals and metrics for success, providing resources and support, and by setting a good example.

2. Employee participation

All workers and their representatives should be involved in all aspects of a company’s safety program. Representatives of each type of worker at all levels (office, field, laborer, supervisors, executives) should be part of the safety committee developing and working on the safety program, and everyone should have input and be able to speak up when necessary. If the company uses union workers, they may require additional representation.

Everyone should understand their roles and responsibilities when it comes to safety and health. There should be open communication without fear of retaliation when it comes to identifying and addressing potential risks or hazards. Potential barriers to worker participation, like language, training, or lack of information, need to be addressed so everyone can participate.

3. Hazard identification

A safety program needs to include procedures that allow workers to continually identify and assess the potential risks inherent in their work activities. These procedures should include an initial assessment, followed by repeated inspections or reassessments to track progress on hazard mitigation or elimination.

All safety and health incidents or illnesses should be investigated to determine the root cause of each incident or illness. Once hazards are identified, they should be prioritized, and control methods identified and applied as soon as possible.

4. Hazard control

Hazard controls should focus on the elimination, prevention, or control of identified hazards. Controls should be implemented in the following order:

  • Engineering controls, which include physically removing the hazard, replacing the hazard, or isolating workers from the hazard
  • Work practices, which include changing the way people work to avoid or minimize exposure to the hazard
  • Administrative controls, which reduce the duration, frequency, or intensity of exposure to a hazard
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE), which protects the worker from exposure to the hazard

 

The safety program should include provisions for monitoring and tracking the effectiveness of the chosen hazard control options, and a way to change them if they are not working as intended.

5. Training

Everyone should be fully trained in the elements of the safety program and their individual role and responsibilities. This includes executives, managers, and supervisors. This training not only helps everyone work safely, but it also provides them with the knowledge they need to better participate in the overall safety and health program.

All workers should be trained in and know how to recognize potential hazards and understand the controls implemented to mitigate or eliminate them. Training can take many forms, including peer-to-peer, on-the-job, daily or weekly toolbox talks, and demonstrations.

6. Evaluation

The effectiveness of the safety and health program should be monitored and tracked, with an eye to continual improvement. It should be assessed at least annually to ensure that it’s meeting its intended goals and objectives.

When opportunities for improvement are identified, action should be taken to make changes to the program, training, or work practices. The changes should then be monitored to ensure that they are having the intended effects. Everyone should be allowed to provide feedback on the effectiveness of the program and any changes that are made to improve it.

7. Communication on multiple employer sites

When multiple employers are working on the same work site, each one must provide the same level of protection for their workers and identify how their work may affect the safety and health of other companies working on the same site. Communication becomes increasingly important as there are multiple programs working together to keep everyone safe.

The general contractor is ultimately responsible for specifying and qualifying each of the contractors’ safety programs, and all contractors should work together to coordinate and resolve any safety and health issues as they come up.

Safety: A good business practice

Having a safety program is not only a requirement for most contractors but is also a good business practice. Safety and health programs protect contractors from losses due to injuries or illnesses, medical costs, higher insurance premiums, lost production time, and fines or penalties for not providing adequate worker protection.

To get started on creating a customized safety and health program for your business, contact us.

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Course Content: Asbestos Awareness w/Wallet Card and Respiratory Protection Training (Spanish)

This Asbestos Awareness w/Wallet Card and Respiratory Protection Training (Spanish) bundle consists of 2 courses:

Per 29 CFR 1910.134, OSHA requires employers to provide effective training to employees who are required to use respirators. The training must be comprehensive, understandable, and recur annually — and more often if necessary.

Respiratory Training Course Outline (4 Hours):

• Module 1: Respiratory Protection Course Overview

• Module 2: Introduction to Respiratory Protection

• Module 3: Types of Respiratory Protection

• Module 4: Respirator Selection and Use

• Module 5: Respirator Medical Evaluation

• Module 6: Respirator Fit Testing

• Module 7: Respirator Training and Program Guidelines

• Module 8: Respirator Maintenance and Care

• Module 9: Video – Respirators

• Final Exam

Asbestos Awareness – This Asbestos Awareness course provides students with an understanding of the harmful effects of asbestos, the knowledge to avoid asbestos exposures, and the ability to identify work areas where asbestos may be present. It will also familiarize them with OSHA and EPA standards designed to protect workers on the job site, among many other important topics.

Asbestos Awareness w/Wallet Card (2 Hour)

• Module 1: Asbestos

• Module 2: Asbestos Awareness

• Final Exam

This Online Course Bundle is approved for 5 CE credits with Oregon CCB.

 

Course Content: Safety and Compliance (Spanish)

This Safety & Compliance (Spanish) course consists of 3 individual courses:

OSHA Respiratory Protection Training – Per 29 CFR 1910.134, OSHA requires employers to provide effective training to employees who are required to use respirators. The training must be comprehensive, understandable, and recur annually — and more often if necessary.

Respiratory Training Course Outline (3 Hours):

• Module 1: Respiratory Protection Course Overview

• Module 2: Introduction to Respiratory Protection

• Module 3: Types of Respiratory Protection

• Module 4: Respirator Selection and Use

• Module 5: Respirator Medical Evaluation

• Module 6: Respirator Fit Testing

• Module 7: Respirator Training and Program Guidelines

• Module 8: Respirator Maintenance and Care

• Module 9: Video – Respirators

• Final Exam

Back Safety in The Workplace – According to OSHA, back injuries are the nation’s biggest workplace safety problem. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that more than one million workers suffer back injuries each year. This Online Back Safety in the Workplace Training course is intended to educate workers about back injuries, discuss how to prevent them, and suggest lifting techniques and guidelines.

Back Safety in the Worplace (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Introduction to Back Safety

• Module 2: Back Injury Prevention

• Module 3: Lifting Techniques and Guidelines

• Final Exam

Sexual Discrimination & Harassment Prevention – This course is intended for both Employers and Employees. The course is meant for anyone who may encounter sexual harassment in the workplace. This course outlines the legal definition of sexual harassment, and teaches students how to recognize and report workplace sexual harassment.

Sexual Discrimination & Harassment Prevention (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Sexual Harassment Overview

• Module 2: Sexual Harassment Continued

• Final Exam

This Online Course Bundle is approved for 5 CE credits with Oregon CCB.

 

Course Content: Hazard and Health (Spanish)

This Hazard and Health (Spanish) course consists of 2 individual Courses:

Back Safety in The Workplace (Spanish) – According to OSHA, back injuries are the nation’s biggest workplace safety problem. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that more than one million workers suffer back injuries each year. This Online Back Safety in the Workplace Training course is intended to educate workers about back injuries, discuss how to prevent them, and suggest lifting techniques and guidelines.

Back Safety in the Workplace (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Introduction to Back Safety

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• Final Exam

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OSHA Hazard Communication Training Aligned with GHS (4 Hour):

Module 1

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• Hazard Recognition and Reference Sources

• Introduction to Toxicology

• Physical and Chemical Properties

• General Safety Hazards

• Course Exam

Module 2

• GHS and Hazard Communication

• Hazard Classification

• Labeling

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• Course Exam

This Online Course Bundle is approved for 5 CE credits with Oregon CCB.

 

Safety and Health

This Safety and Health bundle consists of 1 2-hour course and 3 1-hour courses:

OSHA Respiratory Protection

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Back Safety in the Worplace (1 Hour)

• Module 1: Introduction to Back Safety

• Module 2: Back Injury Prevention

• Module 3: Lifting Techniques and Guidelines

• Final Exam

Heat & Illness Prevention for Supervisors – This Heat Illness Prevention for Supervisors course will focus on defining, recognizing, preventing, and treating heat stress, as well as outlining a supervisor’s responsibilities.

Heat and Illness Prevention for Supervisors (2 Hour):

• Module 1: Management’s Role in Safety and Health

• Module 2: The Financial Impacts of Risk Management

• Module 3: Hazard Analysis Methodologies

• Final Exam

Personal Protective Equipment Program and Selection (PPE) – This course is meant to introduce workers to the contents of a PPE program, and outline considerations for selecting proper PPE. This training should be combined with company specific training with the actual PPE to be used and include sufficient hands-on training and practice.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Program and Selection (1 Hour)

• Module 1: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Program

• Module 2: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Selection

• Final Exam

Sexual Discrimination & Harassment Prevention – This course is intended for both Employers and Employees. The course is meant for anyone who may encounter sexual harassment in the workplace. This course outlines the legal definition of sexual harassment, and teaches students how to recognize and report workplace sexual harassment.

Sexual Discrimination & Harassment Prevention (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Sexual Harassment Overview

• Module 2: Sexual Harassment Continued

• Final Exam

Training Providers should be used to ensure credibility and augment a company’s existing training program. Therefore, in addition to the training provided by an outside party, a student should receive site-specific training that is supplied by their own company, or a credible outside source, and as a rule should be well documented.

This Online Course Bundle is approved for 5 CE credits with Oregon CCB.

 

Safety and Compliance

This Safety and Compliance bundle consists of 5 individual 1-Hour Courses:

OSHA Respiratory Protection

Heat & Illness Prevention for Employees – This course will focus on defining, recognizing, preventing, and treating heat stress. Employees must be trained on heat illness recognition and prevention, including training on their own employer-specific policies and procedures. Training must be provided before the beginning of work that involves the risk of heat illness.

Heat & Illness Prevention for Employees (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Course Overview

• Module 2: Heat Illness and Injuries

• Module 3: Heat Illness Prevention

• Final Exam

Back Safety in The Workplace – According to OSHA, back injuries are the nation’s biggest workplace safety problem. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that more than one million workers suffer back injuries each year. This Online Back Safety in the Workplace Training course is intended to educate workers about back injuries, discuss how to prevent them, and suggest lifting techniques and guidelines.

Back Safety in the Workplace (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Introduction to Back Safety

• Module 2: Back Injury Prevention

• Module 3: Lifting Techniques and Guidelines

• Final Exam

Health and Safety Management – This course is designed to be used as part of an overall Health and Safety Program for all employees. This course is meant to introduce students to the contents of a Health and Safety Program, discuss management’s role in the program, the financial impacts of risk management and hazard analysis methods.

Health and Safety Management (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Management’s Role in Safety and Health

• Module 2: The Financial Impacts of Risk Management

• Module 3: Hazard Analysis Methodologies

• Final Exam

Personal Protective Equipment Program and Selection (PPE) – This course is meant to introduce workers to the contents of a PPE program, and outline considerations for selecting proper PPE. This training should be combined with company specific training with the actual PPE to be used and include sufficient hands-on training and practice.

Health and Safety Management (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Program

• Module 2: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Selection

• Final Exam

Asbestos Awareness – This Asbestos Awareness course provides students with an understanding of the harmful effects of asbestos, the knowledge to avoid asbestos exposures, and the ability to identify work areas where asbestos may be present. It will also familiarize them with OSHA and EPA standards designed to protect workers on the job site, among many other important topics.

Asbestos Awareness (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Asbestos

• Module 2: Asbestos Awareness

• Final Exam

This Online Course Bundle is approved for 5 CE credits with Oregon CCB.

 

Respiratory and Personal Protective Equipment Training

This Respiratory and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Training bundle consists of two courses:

OSHA Respiratory Protection

Per 29 CFR 1910.134, OSHA requires the employer to provide effective training to employees who are required to use respirators. The training must be comprehensive, understandable, and recur annually and more often if necessary.

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• Module 1: Respiratory Protection Course Overview

• Module 2: Introduction to Respiratory Protection

• Module 3: Types of Respiratory Protection

• Module 4: Respirator Selection and Use

• Module 5: Respirator Medical Evaluation

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• Module 8: Respirator Maintenance and Care

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OSHA Respiratory Protection

Per 29 CFR 1910.132(f)(1): The employer shall provide training to each employee who is required by this section to use PPE. Each such employee shall be trained to know at least the following:

•  When PPE is necessary;
•  What PPE is necessary;
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•  The limitations of the PPE; and
•   The proper care, maintenance, useful life and disposal of the PPE.

This Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Program and Selection Training course is designed to be used as part of a Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Program for all employees who wear PPE as part of their job.

This course is meant to introduce workers to the contents of a PPE program, and outline considerations for selecting proper PPE. This training should be combined with company specific training with the actual PPE to be used and include sufficient hands-on training and practice.

PPE Course Outline (1 Hour):

• Module 1: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Program

• Module 2: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Selection

This Online Course Bundle is approved for 5 CE credits with Oregon CCB.